CÁCH VIẾT DẠNG BÀI ADVANTAGE AND DISADVANTAGE

      246

Trong bài này Diễn Đàn Tiếng Anh sẽ hướng dẫn các bạn cách viết dạng bài Advantages – Disadvantages trong bài thi Writing task 2. Cùng tham khảo nhé!

Nội dung chính

A. Tổng quan dạng Advantages – Disadvantages

1. Phân loại dạng Advantage – Disadvantage

2. Bố cục của bài viết Advantages – Disadvantages (Structure)

B. Bài mẫu

Ví dụ minh họa

*

 

A. Tổng quan dạng Advantages – Disadvantages

1. Phân loại dạng Advantage – Disadvantage


* Loại 1: Chỉ nêu Advantage và Disadvantage

Ví dụ: The internet has made knowledge immediately available to people through computers and smartphones all around the world. Much of this knowledge is also free. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this trend.

Bạn đang xem: Cách viết dạng bài advantage and disadvantage

* Loại 2: Người viết chỉ cần nếu liệu nhược (ưu) điểm có lấn át được điểm đối nghịch hay không.

Ví dụ: The internet has made knowledge immediately available to people through computers and smartphones all around the world. Much of this knowledge is also free.Do The Advantages Outweigh The Disadvantages? Hoặc “Do The Benefits Outweigh The Drawbacks?

2. Bố cục của bài viết Advantages – Disadvantages (Structure)

* Loại 1: Chỉ nêu Advantage và Disadvantage

1. Introduction:

- General Statement: Paraphrase lại đề bài

Nowadays,…

It is increasingly clear that .....

There is an irrefutable fact that…..

- Thesis Statement: Trả lời câu hỏi của đề bài - khẳng định xu hướng/ giải pháp này mang đến cả lợi ích lẫn bất lợi.

"This essay will discuss the benefits and drawbacks of this trend."

"This trend would create certain benefits but there will also be some drawbacks."

2. Body:

- Đoạn 1: Topic Sentence: On the one hand, it is clear that .... would create several advantages.

Nói về ưu điểm 1: One evident strength is that it would..... In other words,...

Nói về ưu điểm 2: Another reason is that it would help.....

Nói về ưu điểm 3: Last but not least,.....

- Đoạn 2: Topic Sentence: On the other hand, there are some obvious disadvantages that would arise.

 3. Conclusion: Paraphrase thesis statement và nói tóm tắt, tổng quát các advantage & disadvantage.

"In conclusion, it is worth considering that there are both advantages and disadvantages of…"

* Loại 2: Người viết chỉ cần nếu liệu nhược (ưu) điểm có lấn át được điểm đối nghịch hay không.

1. Introduction:

- General Statement: Paraphrase lại đề bài

- Thesis statement: trả lời câu hỏi của đề bài - nêu rõ quan điểm cá nhân là advantage quan trọng hơn hay disadvantage quan trọng hơn.

Xem thêm: Microsoft Word: Cách Làm Tiêu Đề Trong Word 2010, 2 Cách Lặp Lại Thanh Tiêu Đề Trong Word Cho Bảng

"In my opinion, the benefits of ….outweigh its drawbacks."

"While this development may bring about some benefits, I would argue they have eclipsed the drawbacks."

2. Body:

- Đoạn 1: Viết về khía cạnh mà mình cho là ít quan trọng hơn

On the one hand, …..offers people several benefits.

Đoạn 2: Viết về khía cạnh mà mình cho là quan trọng hơn và có sử dụng personal language để khẳng định quan điểm của mình là cái này "nặng ký" hơn.

"On the other hand, I argue that the advantages of this trend/development would prove to be more important."

3. Conclusion:

Viết 1 câu nói là vấn đề này có cả 2 mặt advantage & disadvantage, nhưng theo quan điểm của tôi thì advantage/ disadvantage quan trọng hơn.

"In conclusion, there are minus points to...... However, it seems to me that its advantages would be more important regarding… "

B. Bài mẫu

Ví dụ minh họa

* Loại 1: Chỉ nêu Advantage và Disadvantage

It is a fact that English is in an outstanding position in the world as it is used globally nowadays. This has caused people to think about whether it is beneficial to have an exclusive language worldwide. Having one language would bring certain benefits but there will also be some drawbacks.

On the one hand, it is clear that to communicate in one global language would create several advantages. One evident strength is that it would reduce the language barrier by strengthening greater understanding between countries. In other words, the flow of information is no longer deterred, thereby promoting learning and mediating conflicts. Another reason is that it would help to develop a healthier world economy by enhancing trade facilitation. Last but not least, cultural and religious discrimination can be reduced to some extent if all people in the world communicate in the same language.

On the other hand, there are some obvious disadvantages that would arise. First, globalisation in language terms will undermine cultural diversity. It means that the special features regarding ways of life and world views of each culture would all be lost if there were only one language. Second, having one global language will definitely turn this world into a monotonous place without any uniqueness of different areas. Consequently, people would not be interested in discovering the world. Finally, this will also be a disadvantageous point for individuals with high linguistic intelligence since there are no other languages for them to challenge their brain. 

In conclusion, there are plus points to speak one language globally, including better understanding, trade facilitation, and decreasing discrimination. However, the downside would emerge consequently in terms of the loss of cultural diversity, the lack of motivation to explore the world, and a minus point for language intelligence

* Loại 2: Người viết chỉ cần nếu liệu nhược (ưu) điểm có lấn át được điểm đối nghịch hay không.

The shipping of a wide range of foods from other cities or countries may have an adverse impact on locally produced food in this modern world of aggressive competition. However, the latter, in my own eyes, obviously offers more merits than demerits.

On the face of it, the consumption of local food might be said to have certain drawbacks. One of them is the lack of diversity or exotic taste. Without access to strange food from far away, people in Vietnam today, for instance, would feel fed up with a limited number of food choices or would never have a chance to try, and probably enjoy, the taste of a similar type of food which is actually imported from other countries, such as Kobe beef from Japan.

However, compared with food transported from other regions, eating food produced locally is significantly more beneficial in economic, environmental, and educational terms. From an economic point of view, local food does not involve excessive transportation leading to higher and higher costs, especially with increasing fuel prices taken into account.

This is also associated with less damaging effects on the environment related to the shipping of food products by plane from abroad. In terms of education, consuming local food helps nurture patriotism among young generations, orienting them towards preserving and developing the sense of using indigenous products.

In today’s world of globalization, the effort to consume local food is thus playing an indispensable role in maintaining the identity of each and every local culture.

In a word, the downside of eating locally produced food is outweighed by its upside. This is, in actual fact, true from economic, environmental, and educational viewpoints.

Mong rằng bài viết Cách viết dạng Advantages -Disadvantages trên đây giúp các bạn học tốt IELTS Writing Task 2 nhé.